Medical Oncologists are cancer doctors who specialize in the treatment of various cancers. A medical oncologist also coordinates care with other cancer specialists, such as radiation oncologists, and in many instances serves as a cancer patient's main “cancer care” physician, caring for patients from the point of diagnosis, throughout the treatment process.At AZCCC our Medical Oncologists take pride in providing top level patient care, and take the time necessary to inform and educate our patients about their particular type of cancer, as well as the options available to them for treatment. We work together with our patients in a joint effort with our caring staff, to help improve our patients overall quality of life, while providing top-notch cancer fighting care and emotional support.
- • Peoria
- • Scottsdale: Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center Hematology & Medical Oncology
- • Avondale
- • Glendale
- • Surprise
- • Wickenburg
- • Gilbert
- • North Scottsdale
- • Scottsdale
- • Fountain Hills Radiation Oncology
- • Gilbert
- • Peoria
- • Phoenix
- • Scottsdale: Virginia G. Piper Cancer Center
- • Scottdale
- • Surprise
Cancer Treatment - Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy treats cancer through the use of cancer-eliminating drugs. Because it is systemic, chemotherapy is able to destroy cancer cells found in any part of the body. Some patients receive chemotherapy alone, while others might undergo a combination of chemotherapy along with other forms of treatment such as radiation therapy and/or surgery.
How often a patient undergoes chemotherapy is dependent upon the type of cancer as well as the stage of the cancer. Some factors that help to determine the specific chemotherapy medications used include the age of the patient and his or her tolerance of side effects.
How Exactly Does Chemotherapy Work?
The body forms new cells to replace old or damaged ones. Healthy cells grow, function all through their lifespan, and then die. Cancerous cells, on the other hand, do not merely function and die, but multiply themselves at an abnormal rate. When chemotherapy is administered, the drugs will either block the cancer cells' ability to replicate, or will simply destroy the cells at any stage in their development. The common side effects of chemotherapy (nausea, vomiting, infection, bruising, and hair loss) are a result of the drugs attacking healthy cells as well as cancerous ones.
The type and stage of a person's cancer determines the combination of drugs needed. More than 100 chemotherapy drugs exist today, and many are combined in one treatment. Chemotherapy medications are administered by injection or orally. Pharmaceutical companies are continually coming out with new, experimental chemotherapy drugs. Below are some of the most widely used medication groups in chemotherapy:
-Made from natural substances, antibiotics interfere with the synthesis of DNA during cell division.
-Alkylating agents are medications that attack the DNA in cancer cells and prevent cells from replicating.
-Plant alkaloids are developed from plant material found in nature and prevent replication of cancer cells.-Antimetabolites work by interfering with the growth of RNA and DNA during cell division.
Hematologists care for patients who suffer with various blood disorders. The field of Hematology is actually considered to be a subspecialty related to the field of internal medicine, however At AZCCC, we have Medical Oncologists are also specialists in Hematology treating non cancerous blood disorders such as hemophilia and malignancies such as lymphoma and leukemia.